Distal femur fractures occur when the thighbone (femur) breaks just above the knee joint.
These types of fractures occur most commonly in older people whose bones are weak. When they occur in younger patients it is often the result of a high-energy injury such as a car crash. In both of these cases, the breaks may extend into the knee joint and may shatter the bone into several pieces.
A compound fracture or open fracture, is an injury that occurs when there is a break in the skin around the broken bone. This type of fracture is more serious than a simple fracture and carries a high risk of infection as the fracture site is exposed to outside dirt and bacteria. While it is often the case, a bone does not necessarily need to break through the skin to be classified as a compound fracture; if the fracture site is exposed at all it is considered a compound fracture.
Compound fractures are treated and stablised with surgery to minimise the risk of an infection developing which can prevent the bone from healing.
Please find below information on distal femur fractures, what to expect prior to and during surgery as well as post surgery recovery information.