Indications and Contraindications


The most common indication for a total knee replacement (knee arthroplasty) is degenerative arthritis (osteoarthritis) of the knee joint. This type of arthritis is generally seen with aging, congenital abnormality of the knee joint or prior trauma to the knee. Other conditions leading to a total knee replacement include avascular necrosis, osteochondritis, sepsis and inflammatory arthritides. 



There are no absolute contraindications for knee arthroplasty however, few relative contraindications include a skeletally immature patient and active sepsis or active infection in the joint.