A knee dislocation occurs when the bones of the knee move out of their normal alignment, either partially or completely. This displacement can involve the femur (thighbone) and tibia (shinbone) moving apart or the patella (kneecap) slipping from its correct position.
Patients experiencing knee dislocation often report a range of symptoms, including:
Initial treatment should follow the RICE Protocol:
However, it’s crucial to seek immediate medical attention if you experience:
To stabilise a fractured bone and aid healing, your doctor might prescribe a cast, brace, or crutches to limit knee movement and avoid excess weight being placed on the knee. Physical therapy can aid in restoring knee function and strengthening supporting leg muscles. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen may help reduce pain and swelling.
Certain knee injuries and fractures necessitate surgical intervention for full mobility. Keep in mind that the need for surgery depends on the severity and type of knee dislocation. Knee arthroscopy, a common technique used in surgery to treat knee dislocation, is detailed below.
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure used by doctors to both diagnose and treat joint pain without resorting to major surgery. Through small incisions, slender instruments are inserted, allowing for visual examination and targeted interventions within the joint.
To learn more about the knee arthroscopy procedure, as well as what you can expect prior to, during, and after the surgery, please visit our Knee Arthroscopy page.